What Should You Do If You Suffer A Needlestick Injury Quizlet?

What counts as a needlestick injury?

Needlestick injuries are wounds caused by needles that accidentally puncture the skin.

Needlestick injuries are a hazard for people who work with hypodermic syringes and other needle equipment.

These injuries can occur at any time when people use, disassemble, or dispose of needles..

What happens if you get pricked by a used needle?

In general, if someone is accidentally pricked by a needle, they should go to the emergency department or call their doctor to assess their risk of infection. Depending on the situation, a health care professional can help determine whether further treatment, like testing or post-exposure medication, is needed.

Which of the following has the highest rate of infection from needlestick with blood of infected patient?

In places with higher rates of blood-borne diseases in the general population, healthcare workers are more susceptible to contracting these diseases from a needlestick injury. Hepatitis B carries the greatest risk of transmission, with 10% of exposed workers eventually showing seroconversion and 10% having symptoms.

What tests are done after a needlestick?

Laboratory studies in the source patient (if available) are as follows:HIV testing.Hepatitis B antigen.Hepatitis C antibody.Aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase (AST/ALT) and alkaline phosphatase levels.

Which of the following causes the most reported needlestick injuries?

One analysis by the CDC found that needlestick injuries most commonly occurred at the following points in patient care [14]:Manipulating a needle in the patient (27%)Improper disposal or disposal related (22%)Cleanup (11%)Handling or passing the device during or after use (10%)

What are the risks of needle stick injury?

SummaryBlood-borne diseases that could be transmitted by a needlestick injury include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV).Thoroughly wash the wound with soap and water, and go to your doctor or nearest emergency department as soon as possible.More items…•

Which of the following should you do to prevent a needlestick injury?

Avoid using needles whenever safe and effective alternatives are available. Avoid recapping or bending needles that might be contaminated. Bring standard-labeled, leak-proof, puncture-resistant sharps containers to clients’ homes. Do not assume such containers will be available there.

How long after a needlestick should you get tested?

You should be tested for HCV antibody and liver enzyme levels (alanine amino- transferase or ALT) as soon as possible after the exposure (baseline) and at 4-6 months after the exposure. To check for infection earlier, you can be tested for the virus (HCV RNA) 4-6 weeks after the exposure.

What are the chances of getting a disease from a needlestick?

Your chances of catching a disease from a single needle stick are usually very low. About 1 out of 300 health care workers accidentally stuck with a needle from someone with HIV get infected. But for hepatitis B, the odds can be as high as nearly 1 in 3 if the worker hasn’t been vaccinated for it.

What is the time limit to receive care after a needlestick sharps injury?

Reevaluate the exposed individual within 72 hours, particularly focusing on new information regarding the source and the exposure. If the source is determined to be HIV-negative, post-exposure prophylaxis can be discontinued. If the source is determined to be HIV-positive, continue treatment for 4 weeks if tolerated.

What should you do if you suffer a needlestick injury?

Treating needlestick injuriesWash the area gently with soap and running tap water as soon as possible.Apply an antiseptic and a clean dressing.Obtain prompt medical advice from your local doctor or hospital emergency department, preferably within 24 hours.Dispose of the needle safely.

Do needlestick injuries need to be reported?

You must record all work-related needlestick injuries and cuts from sharp objects that are contaminated with another person’s blood or other potentially infectious material (as defined by 29 CFR 1910.1030). You must enter the case on the OSHA 300 Log as an injury.

Which of the following should be done first after a needle stick or sharps injury?

If you experienced a needlestick or sharps injury or were exposed to the blood or other body fluid of a patient during the course of your work, immediately follow these steps: Wash needlesticks and cuts with soap and water. Flush splashes to the nose, mouth, or skin with water.

What happens after a needlestick injury?

After any needlestick injury, an affected healthcare worker should wash the area with soap and water immediately. There is no contraindication to using antiseptic solutions, but there is also no evidence to suggest that this reduces the rates of disease transmission.