What Are Six Ways To Administer Medication?

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route.

Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets.

Injection routes.

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: …

Sublingual and buccal routes.

Rectal route.

Vaginal route.

Ocular route.

Otic route.

Nasal route.More items….

Should you wear gloves when administering oral medication?

When you are giving some types of medications, it is necessary to wear gloves. Change your gloves as soon as you have finished administering medications to the individual. Never re-use gloves for more than one individual and always wash your hands again after you take off your gloves.

What should be included in a medication order?

A complete medication order must include the client’s full name, the date and the time of the order, the name of the medication, the ordered dosage, and the form of the medication, the route of administration, the time or frequency of administration, and the signature of the ordering physician or licensed independent …

What are 10 medication administration rights?

The 10 Rights of Drug AdministrationRight Drug. The first right of drug administration is to check and verify if it’s the right name and form. … Right Patient. … Right Dose. … Right Route. … Right Time and Frequency. … Right Documentation. … Right History and Assessment. … Drug approach and Right to Refuse.More items…•

What are Class IV drugs?

Schedule IV Controlled Substances Examples of Schedule IV substances include: alprazolam (Xanax®), carisoprodol (Soma®), clonazepam (Klonopin®), clorazepate (Tranxene®), diazepam (Valium®), lorazepam (Ativan®), midazolam (Versed®), temazepam (Restoril®), and triazolam (Halcion®).

What is the correct way to administer medication?

Routes of medication administrationRouteExplanationoralswallowed by mouth as a tablet, capsule, lozenge, or liquidoticgiven by drops into the earrectalinserted into the rectumsubcutaneousinjected just under the skin12 more rows

What is the most common route of medication administration?

Oral administration This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. Solid dose forms such as tablets and capsules have a high degree of drug stability and provide accurate dosage.

What is the most common medication error?

The most common type of error was wrong time of administration, followed by omission and wrong dose, wrong preparation, or wrong administration rate (for intravenous medication). A substantial proportion of medication administration errors occur in hospitalized children.

What are the three checks?

Terms in this set (5)First Check. * Read medication administration record and remove the medication(s) from the clients drawer. … Second Check. … Third Check. … Patient Interaction. … Ten Rights of Medication Administration.

What are the 7 rights?

To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13]. … When a ME occurs, this is often due to breach of one of the 7 rights.

What are the 3 checks in medication administration?

WHAT ARE THE THREE CHECKS? Checking the: – Name of the person; – Strength and dosage; and – Frequency against the: Medical order; • MAR; AND • Medication container.

What are 3 ways to give injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin. Intramuscular injections are delivered into the muscle.

What are parenteral routes of administration?

There are five commonly used routes of parenteral (route other than digestive tract) administration: subcutaneous (SC/SQ), intraperitoneal (IP), intravenous (IV), intrader- mal (ID), and intramuscular (IM).

Is intramuscular injection faster than intravenous?

IV drug administration achieves high plasma concentrations rapidly in plasma and tissues. Muscles are very vascular structures, and IM absorption occurs by drug diffusion from interstitial fluid and capillary membranes into plasma, and so onset of action is longer than IV injection.

How many times should you check medications before administration?

But, it’s not only critical to ensure this information is correct, you should check three times: The first check is when the medications are pulled or retrieved from the automated dispensing machine, the medication drawer, or whatever system is in place at a given institution.

What are the 5 rules for the administration of medication?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

What is the fastest way to administer medication?

Intravenous (IV) drug use in which the drug is injected directly into a vein and enters the bloodstream to reach the brain. This is the quickest way of achieving a psycho-active drug effect.