What Are Side Effects Of BCG Treatment?

What are the side effects of BCG treatment for bladder cancer?

What side effects can occur?fever.chills.fatigue.a burning sensation in the bladder.urinary urgency or frequent urination.blood in the urine..

How long does BCG treatment take?

BCG is given once a week for six weeks, starting 2–4 weeks after TURBT surgery. It is put directly into the bladder through a catheter. You may be asked to change position every 15 minutes so the vaccine washes over the entire bladder. Each treatment session takes up to two hours.

Does BCG weaken your immune system?

BCG is a commonly used vaccine against tuberculosis (TB) and contains bacteria from the same family as TB bacteria. This bacterium has been altered to reduce the risk of infection whilst retaining the ability to stimulate the immune system sufficiently for its beneficial effect.

How many times can you have BCG treatments?

BCG maintenance therapy The schedule for instillations of BCG has varied from monthly to every 3 months to every 6 months. The only maintenance regimen proven to prevent recurrence and progression is the SWOG protocol, which consists of 3 weekly treatments at months 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36.

How long are you contagious after BCG treatment?

To protect your partner from coming into contact with BCG, you should not have sex for 48 hours after each treatment. Use a condom if you have sex at other times during the treatment course and for six weeks after treatment has ended.

Does alcohol affect BCG treatment?

The drinking of alcohol (in small amounts) does not appear to affect the safety or usefulness of BCG. Use a condom or abstain from sex for 1 week after treatment. pregnancy. It is best to use birth control while being treated with BCG.

Does bladder cancer spread fast?

High grade bladder cancer is likely to grow and spread quickly and become life threatening. High-grade cancers often need to be treated with chemotherapy, radiation or surgery. Low-grade cancers appear non-aggressive and have a low chance of becoming high grade.

Do BCG treatments make you tired?

BCG immunotherapy can cause a number of side effects. It is common for people to experience flu-like symptoms, such as chills, fever, and fatigue, for 2–3 days following the treatment. Other common side effects include: a burning sensation or discomfort in the bladder.

What are the side effects of BCG?

BCG vaccine may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:swollen lymph nodes.small red areas at the site of injection. … fever.blood in the urine.frequent or painful urination.upset stomach.vomiting.

Should I drink water after BCG treatment?

Because the drug goes directly into the bladder, the common side effects are on the bladder itself. Drinking good amounts of fluids for 24 hours after treatment will help to flush any remaining drug out of the bladder and may help ease the above symptoms.

What happens if BCG treatments don’t work?

Dr. Kamat: If BCG fails and truly doesn’t work, then a radical cystectomy may be done. If someone is averse to radical cystectomy or, unfortunately, is too sick or not able to undergo the surgery, then he or she could try other alternative therapies.

Does BCG make you sick?

Reactions to the BCG vaccine are uncommon and generally mild. The most common side effects include fever, headache and swollen glands. More serious complications, such as abscesses or bone inflammation, are rare. Most children develop a sore at the injection site.

How long does BCG side effects last?

About 4 to 6 hours after treatment, you may have bladder symptoms such as sudden urges to urinate, frequent urination, stomach discomfort, bloating, and possibly loss of bladder control. Tell your doctor right away if these side effects last for longer than 2 or 3 days.

How much water should you drink after a BCG treatment?

These can start a few hours after treatment and may last 1 to 2 days. These side effects usually last less than 2 days. If you feel any burning or pain, have to urinate often, or see blood in the toilet bowl, drink about 4 glasses of water. This will help to flush your bladder.

What is success rate for BCG treatment for bladder cancer?

A recent study was published evaluating maintenance BCG therapy [23]. The authors observed a three-year recurrence free survival of 75.3% and disease-free survival of 96.1%. However, they reported a high complication rate of 81.5%.

Why did BCG leave a scar?

Both the Smallpox and BCG vaccines leave a scar on the upper arm. Your scar is from the BCG vaccine. … The BCG vaccine is used to protect people from human tuberculosis. Interestingly, the BCG vaccine strain was developed from the bacteria that cause tuberculosis in cows.