Quick Answer: What Are The Side Effects Of Cytotoxic Drugs?

What is a cytotoxic drug?

Cytotoxic drugs (sometimes known as antineoplastics) describe a group of medicines that contain chemicals which are toxic to cells, preventing their replication or growth, and so are used to treat cancer.

They can also be used to treat a number of other disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis..

Is sweat a cytotoxic?

Your body fluids are considered cytotoxic or harmful when there is medication in them. Other body fluids that may have small amounts of the medication include blood, phlegm, sweat, semen, vaginal fluid, vomit, and saliva (spit).

What are examples of cytotoxic drugs?

Amsacrine, bexarotene, bortezomib, carboplatin, cetuximab, cisplatin, crisantaspase, dacarbazine, docetaxel, hydroxycarbamide (hydroxyurea), irinotecan, oxaliplatin, paclitaxel, pentostatin, procarbazine, temozolomide, topotecan, trastuzumab, tretinoin.

How do you dispose of cytotoxic drugs?

Cytotoxic drugs should be placed in a closed, leakproof nonchlorinated plastic bag and the cytotoxic drug from the pharmacy should be transported to an area not adjacent to the preparation area in a rigid, leakproof nonchlorinated container made of a material that can be easily cleaned and decontaminated in the event …

What are cytotoxic precautions?

What are cytotoxic precautions? Cytotoxic precautions are used to make sure that other people do not come in contact with your cancer treatment or body fluids. Although the risk is very low, it is important to be careful. These precautions are needed when handling your cancer treatment or body fluids.

Is Mycophenolate a cytotoxic drug?

Because azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, and mycophenolate mofetil are the most widely used cytotoxic drugs, we review these drugs in more detail.

Is it safe to be around chemo patients?

Chemotherapy is strong medicine used to fight cancer. While taking chemotherapy, it is safe to touch other people (including hugging or kissing). However, special care is needed to protect others from contact with the medication.

Is Methotrexate a cytotoxic drug?

Drug type: Methotrexate is an anti-cancer (“antineoplastic” or “cytotoxic”) chemotherapy drug. This medication is classified as an “antimetabolite.” (For more detail, see “How this drug works” section below).

Why are cytotoxic drugs dangerous?

Cytotoxic drugs are intended primarily for the treatment of cancer. They are known to be highly toxic to cells, principally through their action on cell reproduction. Many have proved to be carcinogens, mutagens or teratogens.

What goes in a cytotoxic bin?

Cytotoxic waste includes any items that have been contaminated with cytotoxic material. Typically this waste includes drug administration equipment (e.g. swabs, IV drip sets) as well as personal protective equipment such as gowns and gloves.

How long is someone cytotoxic after chemo?

Cytotoxic drugs are used mainly to treat cancer and can be harmful to normal cells. These drugs are processed through the body and may be present in urine, faeces, vomit and fluid drained from body cavities for up to seven days after treatment.

Is oxytocin cytotoxic?

Oxytocina. Staff in this group should use personal protective equipment if handling hazardous medicines is necessary in their workplace. The medicines listed above are not cytotoxic, but are considered hazardous.

What happens when you touch cytotoxic drugs?

Exposure to cytotoxic drugs has been reported to cause increased frequency of chromosome damage in exposed workers. They can cause acute skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritations, as well as nausea, headaches, and dizziness.

Why should you not touch methotrexate?

Even touching or inhaling the dust from the tablet can allow the medicine to get into the body. Methotrexate goes into sperm, so it’s important that a man taking it doesn’t get his partner pregnant.

Why do you flush the toilet twice after chemo?

When chemo drugs get outside your body, they can harm or irritate skin – yours or even other people’s. Keep in mind that this means toilets can be a hazard for children and pets, and it’s important to be careful.