Question: Why Is Ventrogluteal Preferred?

Where do you give a Ventrogluteal injection?

The ventrogluteal site: place the palm over the greater trochanter, form a ‘V,’ with the middle finger toward the iliac crest and the index finger toward the anterior superior iliac spine.

Inject within the center of the ‘V,’ below the anterior superior iliac crest..

Why are im injections given in the buttocks?

Discharge Instructions: Giving an Intramuscular (IM) Injection in the Buttock. Your health care provider has prescribed a medication that must be given by intramuscular (IM) injection. IM injections use a needle and syringe to deliver medication to large muscles in your body.

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin.

What happens if a flu shot is given incorrectly?

(WRIC) — The flu vaccine can save lives, but when the shot is given in the wrong spot, it can cause severe pain — sometimes even permanent damage.

What if intramuscular injection hits a nerve?

Injections that occur below the deltoid muscle can hit the radial nerve and injections that are too far to the side of the deltoid muscle can hit the axillary nerve. If a nerve is hit, the patient will feel an immediate burning pain, which can result in paralysis or neuropathy that does not always resolve.

What is Z track technique?

The Z-track method is a type of IM injection technique used to prevent tracking (leakage) of the medication into the subcutaneous tissue (underneath the skin). During the procedure, skin and tissue are pulled and held firmly while a long needle is inserted into the muscle.

What is the preferred site for im injection?

The anterolateral thigh is the preferred site for intramuscular (IM) injection. Never give an IM injection in the buttocks. Ensure needle of appropriate length and gauge is used.

Do you aspirate im injections?

Aspiration is most commonly performed during an intramuscular (IM) or subcutaneous (SC) injection, and is meant to ensure that the needle tip is located at the desired site, and has not accidentally punctured a blood vessel.

Which site is most commonly used for intramuscular injections?

deltoid muscleThe sites that are most commonly utilized for IM injections include the shoulder’s deltoid muscle; the thigh’s vastus lateralis; and the hip’s ventrogluteal, gluteus medius, or dorsogluteal muscles. The deltoid site is most commonly used for immunizations.

What happens if you give an IM injection wrong?

Similarly, incorrect injection techniques or erroneous injection locations, can cause blood vessel breakage, muscle or nerve damage and paralysis. Harmful effects may be life-threatening at worst.

What is the difference between Ventrogluteal and Dorsogluteal?

This study revealed that the mean distance of the dorsogluteal injection point to the siatic nerve is 9±2.3 cm. … On the other hand, the ventrogluteal side has a thicker gluteal muscle layer and thinner fat layer and is free of penetrating nerves and blood vessels [4].

Is Bleeding After im injection normal?

Use a piece of gauze to apply light pressure to the injection site. You can even massage the area to help the medicine be absorbed into the muscle. It’s normal to see slight bleeding.

How long should needle be for IM injection?

A 1” needle is sufficient in adults weighing 130–152 lbs (60–70 kg). A 1–1½” needle is recommended in women weighing 152–200 lbs (70–90 kg) and men weighing 152–260 lbs (70–118 kg). A 1½” needle is recommended in women weighing more than 200 lbs (90 kg) or men weighing more than 260 lbs (118 kg).

Which is the most preferred site for intramuscular injections in adults?

A ventrogluteal site is the most commonly used and recommended site for IM injections in adults and children of walking age because of the large muscle mass. This site is located away from the superior and inferior gluteal arteries as well as the sciatic and superior gluteal nerves,9 and is also the least painful.

What are the four IM injection sites?

Where should an intramuscular (IM) injection be given? Nurses learn there are four possible sites: the arm (deltoid); thigh (vastus lateralis); upper outer posterior buttock (gluteus maximus), also referred to as the dorsogluteal site; and the lateral hip (gluteus medius), also called the ventrogluteal site.

What is Ventrogluteal muscle?

Ventrogluteal. The site involves the gluteus medius and minimus muscle and is the safest injection site for adults and children. The site provides the greatest thickness of gluteal muscles, is free from penetrating nerves and blood vessels, and has a thin layer of fat.

How do you get Ventrogluteal on yourself?

Finding the ventrogluteal site Bend your knee on the side of your body that you’ll be using for the injection. Have your friend, family member, or caregiver, place the palm of their hand on the greater trochanter of the femur. This is the bony part that sticks out of your upper thigh near your hip.

Where is the Ventrogluteal muscle located?

The ventrogluteal intramuscular injection site is located on the hip at the high part of the hip. To locate this site, it takes a bit of medical training, which we will provide you with. To locate it, you will have to place the palm of your hand on the femur on the part that protrudes.

How can I make injections less painful?

The need for needle pain interventionNumb the skin. Using topical anesthesia to numb the area where the needle will be inserted can significantly lower the amount of pain. … Give a pacifier or allow breastfeeding. … Don’t restrain the child. … Distract, distract, distract. … Watch what you say. … Act it out. … Speak up.

Why is the Ventrogluteal the preferred site for an intramuscular injection?

Ventrogluteal site is considered as the most reliable and least painfull site for the injection applications. The reason for this; there is no large blood vessels or nerves and it is far from the bone tissue in ventrogluteal site (Beecroft and Redick 1990, Donaldson and Green, 2005, Nicoll and Hesby, 2002).

What happens if you accidentally inject air into muscle?

Injecting a small air bubble into the skin or a muscle is usually harmless. But it might mean you aren’t getting the full dose of medicine, because the air takes up space in the syringe.